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Origin of Christmas
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Origin of Christmas

  The name Christmas is short for "Christ's Mass". A Mass is a kind of Church service. Christmas is a religious festival. It is the day we celebrate as the birthday of Jesus.

  There are special Christmas services in Christian churches all over the world. But many of the festivities of Christmas do not have anything to do with religion. Exchanging gifts and sending Christmas cards are the modern ways of celebrating the Christmas in the orld.

  The birth of Jesus had a story: In Nazareth, a city of Galilee. The virgin's name was Mary was betrothed to Joseph. Before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. Joseph her husband was minded to put her away secretly. While he thought about these things, Gabriel, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and told him did not be afraid to take Mary as wife. And Mary will bring forth a Son, and he shall call his name, Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.

  Before Jesus births, Joseph and Mary came to Quintus was governing Syria. So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. Joseph also went up out of Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and of the lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child. So it was that while they were there, the days were completed for her to be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.  

  And that, Christmas is the feast of the nativity of Jesus, is on 25th, December every year. But nobody know the actual birthday of Jesus. And the Christmas has become popular when Christmas cards appeared in 1846 and the concept of a jolly Santa Claus was first made popular in nineteenth Century.

 

 

 

 圣诞节这个名称是基督恺撒的缩写。恺撒是教会的一种礼拜仪式。圣诞节是一个宗节我们把它当作耶苏的诞辰?但是有很多圣诞节的欢庆活动和宗教并无半点关联。交换礼物,寄圣诞卡,这都使圣诞节成为一个普天同庆的日子。

  圣诞节是基督教世界最大的节日。4世纪初,16是罗马帝国东部各教会纪念那稣降生和受洗的双重节日、称为主显节”Epiphany,亦称显现 即上帝通过那稣向世人显示自己。当时只有那路拉冷的教会例外,那里只纪念耶稣的诞生而不纪念那稣的受洗。后来历史学家们在罗马基督徒习用的日历中发现 公元3541225日页内记录着:基督降生在犹大的伯利恒。经过研究,一般认为1225伴为圣诞节可能开始于公元336年的罗马教会)约在公 375年传到小亚细亚的安提阿,公元430年传到埃及的亚历山大里亚,那路撒冷的教会接受得最晚,而亚美尼亚的教会则仍然坚持16主显节是那稣的诞 辰。

  1225原来是波斯太阳神(即光明之神)密特拉(Mithra)的诞辰,是一个异教徒节日,同时太阳神也是罗马国教众神之一。这一天又是罗马历书 的冬至节,崇拜太阳神的异教徒都把这一天当作春天的希望,万物复苏的开始。可能由于这个原因,罗马教会才选择这一天作为圣诞节。这是教会初期力图把异教徒 的风俗习惯基督教化的措施之一。

  后来,虽然大多数教会都接受1225为圣诞节,但又固各地教会使用的历书不同,具体日期不能统一,于是就把1224到第二年的16定为圣 诞节节期(Christmas Tide),各地教会可以根据当地具体情况在这段节期之内庆祝圣诞节。自从1225被大多数教会公认为圣诞节后,原来16的主显节就只纪念耶稣受 洗了,但天主教会又把16定为三王来朝节,以纪念耶稣生时东方三王(即三位博士)来朝拜的故事。随着基督教的广泛传播,圣诞节已成为各教派基督 徒,甚至广大非基督徒群众的一个重要节日。在欧美许多国家里,人们非常重视这个节日,把它和新年连在一起,而庆祝活动之热闹与隆重大大超过了新年,成为一 个全民的节日。1225的主要纪念活动都与那稣降生的传说有关。

  耶苏的出生是有一段故事的,耶苏是因着圣灵成孕,由童女马利亚所生的。神更派遣使者加伯列在梦中晓谕约瑟,叫他不要因为马利亚未婚怀孕而不要她,反而要与她成亲,把那孩子起名为耶苏,意思是要他把百姓从罪恶中救出

  当马利亚快要临盆的时候,罗马政府下了命令,全部人民到伯利恒务必申报.耶苏要出生了!于是马利亚唯有在马槽上,生下耶苏。后人为纪念耶苏的诞生,便定十二月二十五为圣诞节,年年望恺撒,纪念耶苏的出世。

  圣诞节便是于十二月二十五日纪念耶苏的诞生,但真实的诞生日就?有人知道了。十九世废,圣诞卡的流行、圣诞老人的出现,圣诞节也开始流行起。

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